Introduction to Neuroscience is designed for undergraduate students enrolled in introductory neuroscience courses. This book specifically targets students enrolled in Introduction to Neuroscience 1 and Introduction to Neuroscience 2 at Michigan State University and primarily contains topics covered in those courses.
This first edition will guide students through the structure and function of nervous system cells and nervous system structures, signaling within the nervous system, and introduce various sensory systems. A future edition that will be completed in spring 2023 will include the somatosensory system, motor systems, motivation and reward, stress, sex and the brain, emotions, nervous system disorders, learning, and memory.
In addition, new original content has been added to supplement what was provided in the above texts. The text includes many images and animations throughout and will be divided into shorter chapters that focus on a single topic. As this text is meant for undergraduate students, the writing is aimed at students that have not taken a neuroscience course before. Neuroscience terminology will be defined throughout the text through the use of the embedded Glossary terms to help with ease of reading. Additionally, important terms are bolded. Each chapter will end with an interactive quiz for student self-evaluation of the content.
This open book is licensed under a Creative Commons License (CC BY-NC-SA). You can download Introduction to Neuroscience ebook for free in PDF format (49.9 MB).
Table of Contents
Introduction to Neuroscience
What is Neuroscience?
Cells of the Nervous System Structure & Function
Cells of the Nervous System: The Neuron
Cells of the Nervous System: Glia
Visualizing Cells of the Nervous System
The Membrane at Rest
Electrical Activity in Neurons
Steps in Synaptic Signaling
Neurotransmitter Identification and Action: Ionotropic Receptors versus Metabotropic Receptors
Introduction to Small Molecule Neurotransmitters
Neurotransmitters: Amino Acid Neurotransmitters (Glutamate, GABA, Glycine)
Neurotransmitters: Biogenic Amines (Serotonin, Histamine)
Neurotransmitters: Catecholamines (Dopamine, Norepinephrine, Epinephrine)
Neurotransmitters: Atypical Neurotransmitters
Drug and Toxin Effects
Nervous System Organization
Brain Structure Differentiation
Additional Structures of the Nervous System
Imaging the Living Brain
Spinal Cord Structure
Peripheral Nervous System
General Principles of Sensory Systems
Visual System: The Eye
Visual System: Central Processing
Auditory System: The Ear
Auditory System: Central Processing
Touch: The Skin
Touch: Central Processing
Pain and Nociception