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Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity
Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity

by Patrick Simon, Victor Piché, Amélie Gagnon

This book examines the question of collecting and disseminating data on ethnicity and race in order to describe characteristics of ethnic and racial groups, identify factors of social and economic integration and implement policies to redress discrimination. It offers a global perspective on the issue by looking at race and ethnicity in a wide vari...

Self-Reported Population Health: An International Perspective based on EQ-5D
Self-Reported Population Health: An International Perspective based on EQ-5D

by Agota Szende, Bas Janssen, Juan Cabases

The EQ-5D instrument, as a standardized, cross-culturally validated measure of self-assessed health has a hugely important role in understanding population health within and across countries. Over the past two decades a wealth of international population health survey data have been accumulated by the EuroQol Group from research conducted in many c...

Sensitivity Analysis: Matrix Methods in Demography and Ecology
Sensitivity Analysis: Matrix Methods in Demography and Ecology

by Hal Caswell

This book shows how to use sensitivity analysis in demography. It presents new methods for individuals, cohorts, and populations, with applications to humans, other animals, and plants. The analyses are based on matrix formulations of age-classified, stage-classified, and multistate population models. Methods are presented for linear and nonlinear,...

The Pangenome
The Pangenome

by Hervé Tettelin, Duccio Medini

This open access book offers the first comprehensive account of the pan-genome concept and its manifold implications. The realization that the genetic repertoire of a biological species always encompasses more than the genome of each individual is one of the earliest examples of big data in biology that opened biology to the unbounded. The study ...

Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in a Changing World
Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in a Changing World

by Christian C. Voigt, Tigga Kingston

This book focuses on central themes related to the conservation of bats. It details their response to land-use change and management practices, intensified urbanization and roost disturbance and loss. Increasing interactions between humans and bats as a result of hunting, disease relationships, occupation of human dwellings, and conflict over fruit...

Differential Undercounts in the U.S. Census
Differential Undercounts in the U.S. Census

by William P.  O’Hare

This book describes the differences in US census coverage, also referred to as "differential undercount", by showing which groups have the highest net undercounts and which groups have the greatest undercount differentials, and discusses why such undercounts occur. In addition to focusing on measuring census coverage for several demograph...

Coming to Terms with Superdiversity
Coming to Terms with Superdiversity

by Peter Scholten, Maurice Crul, Paul van de Laar

This book discusses Rotterdam as clear example of a superdiverse city that is only reluctantly coming to terms with this new reality. Rotterdam, as is true for many post-industrial cities, has seen a considerable backlash against migration and diversity: the populist party Leefbaar Rotterdam of the late Pim Fortuyn is already for many years the lar...

New and Old Routes of Portuguese Emigration
New and Old Routes of Portuguese Emigration

by Cláudia Pereira, Joana Azevedo

This book offers a comparative overview on Portuguese emigration in Europe and outside the EU in times of recession. It looks at Portuguese emigrants who, after the crisis of 2008, moved both intra-EU, such as UK, France, Switzerland, Germany and Spain, but also into countries with historical links, such as the USA and Canada, and to Portuguese spe...

Migration in the Southern Balkans
Migration in the Southern Balkans

by Hans Vermeulen, Martin Baldwin-Edwards, Riki van Boeschoten

This book collects ten essays that look at intra-regional migration in the Southern Balkans from the late Ottoman period to the present. It examines forced as well as voluntary migrations and places these movements within their historical context, including ethnic cleansing, population exchanges, and demographic engineering in the service of nation...

Methodological Investigations in Agent-Based Modelling
Methodological Investigations in Agent-Based Modelling

by Eric Silverman

This book examines the methodological complications of using complexity science concepts within the social science domain. The opening chapters take the reader on a tour through the development of simulation methodologies in the fields of artificial life and population biology, then demonstrates the growing popularity and relevance of these method...

Housing Estates in Europe
Housing Estates in Europe

by Daniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham

This book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in Europe. Are these estates clustered or scattered? Which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? What is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and...

Migrants and Expats: The Swiss Migration and Mobility Nexus
Migrants and Expats: The Swiss Migration and Mobility Nexus

by Ilka Steiner, Philippe Wanner

This book provides insight on current patterns of migration in Switzerland, which fall along a continuum from long-term and permanent to more temporary and fluid. These patterns are shaped by the interplay of legal norms, economic drivers and societal factors. The various dimensions of this Migration-Mobility Nexus are investigated by means of new...

Old and New Perspectives on Mortality Forecasting
Old and New Perspectives on Mortality Forecasting

by Tommy Bengtsson, Nico Keilman

This book describes methods of mortality forecasting and discusses possible improvements. It contains a selection of previously unpublished and published papers, which together provide a state-of-the-art overview of statistical approaches as well as behavioural and biological perspectives. The different parts of the book provide discussions of cu...

Modeling and Simulation in Python
Modeling and Simulation in Python

by Allen Downey

Modeling and Simulation in Python is an introduction to physical modeling using a computational approach. It is organized in three parts: - The first part presents discrete models, including a bikeshare system and world population growth. - The second part introduces first-order systems, including models of infectious disease, thermal systems, an...

Statistical Population Genomics
Statistical Population Genomics

by Julien Y. Dutheil

This open access volume presents state-of-the-art inference methods in population genomics, focusing on data analysis based on rigorous statistical techniques. After introducing general concepts related to the biology of genomes and their evolution, the book covers state-of-the-art methods for the analysis of genomes in populations, including demog...

Spanish Economic Growth, 1850–2015
Spanish Economic Growth, 1850–2015

by Leandro Prados de la Escosura

This text offers a comprehensive and nuanced view of the economic development of Spain since 1850. It provides a new set of historical GDP estimates for Spain from the demand and supply sides, and presents a reconstruction of production and expenditure series for the century prior to the introduction of modern national accounts. The author spl...

Foundations of Behavioral Health
Foundations of Behavioral Health

by Bruce Lubotsky Levin, Ardis Hanson

This comprehensive book examines the organization, financing, delivery, and outcomes of behavioral health (i.e., alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health) services from both U.S. and global perspectives. Addressing the need for more integrative and collaborative approaches in public health and behavioral health initiatives, the book covers the fundam...

Aging Well
Aging Well

by Jean Galiana, William A. Haseltine

This book outlines the challenges of supporting the health and wellbeing of older adults around the world and offers examples of solutions designed by stakeholders, healthcare providers, and public, private and nonprofit organizations in the United States. The solutions presented address challenges including: providing person-centered long-term car...

Ranaviruses
Ranaviruses

by Matthew J. Gray, V. Gregory Chinchar

The first book of its kind, this work discusses the global extent of ranaviruses, principles of ranavirus ecology and evolution. The research included provides guidance on designing ranavirus surveillance studies to determine risk. Ranaviruses are are double-stranded DNA viruses that cause hemorrhagic disease in amphibians, reptiles, and fish. Rana...

Ester Boserup's Legacy on Sustainability
Ester Boserup's Legacy on Sustainability

by Marina Fischer-Kowalski, Anette Reenberg, Anke Schaffartzik, Andreas Mayer

Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and sustainability. The contents are organized in three sections reflecting important focal points of Boserup'...

Social Dynamics in Swiss Society
Social Dynamics in Swiss Society

by Robin Tillmann, Marieke Voorpostel, Peter Farago

Using longitudinal data from the Swiss Household Panel to zoom in on continuity and change in the life course, this book describes how the lives of the Swiss population have changed in terms of health, family circumstances, work, political participation, and migration over the last sixteen years. What are the different trajectories in terms of mobi...

Constructing Roma Migrants
Constructing Roma Migrants

by Tina Magazzini, Stefano Piemontese

This book presents a cross-disciplinary insight and policy analysis into the effects of European legal and political frameworks on the life of 'Roma migrants' in Europe. It outlines the creation and implementation of Roma policies at the European level, provides a systematic understanding of identity-based exclusion and explores concrete case studi...

Surveying Human Vulnerabilities across the Life Course
Surveying Human Vulnerabilities across the Life Course

by Michel Oris, Caroline Roberts, Dominique Joye, Michèle Ernst Stähli

This book details tools and procedures for data collections of hard-to-reach, hard-to-survey populations. Inside, readers will discover first-hand insights from experts who share their successes as well as their failures in their attempts to identify and measure human vulnerabilities across the life course. Coverage first provides an introduction o...

Planning for Ecosystem Services in Cities
Planning for Ecosystem Services in Cities

by Davide Geneletti, Chiara Cortinovis, Linda Zardo, Blal Adem Esmail

This book presents current knowledge about ecosystem services (ES) in urban planning, and discusses various urban ES topics such as spatial distribution of urban ecosystems, population distribution, and physical infrastructure properties. The book addresses all these issues by: i) investigating to what extent ecosystem services are currently includ...

Model-Based Demography
Model-Based Demography

by Thomas Burch

Late in a career of more than sixty years, Thomas Burch, an internationally known social demographer, undertook a wide-ranging methodological critique of demography. This open access volume contains a selection of resulting papers, some previously unpublished, some published but not readily accessible [from past meetings of The International Union...

Sago Palm
Sago Palm

by Hiroshi Ehara, Yukio Toyoda, Dennis V. Johnson

This book addresses a wide variety of events and technologies concerning the sago palm, ranging from its botanical characteristics, culture and use to social conditions in the places where it is grown, in order to provide a record of research findings and to benefit society. It discusses various subjects, including the sago palm and related species...

Situating Children of Migrants across Borders and Origins
Situating Children of Migrants across Borders and Origins

by Claudio Bolzman, Laura Bernardi, Jean-Marie Le Goff

This open access wide-ranging collation of papers examines a host of issues in studying second-generation immigrants, their life courses, and their relations with older generations. Tightly focused on methodological aspects, both quantitative and qualitative, the volume features the work of authors from numerous countries, from differing discipline...

Contemporary Perspectives on Ageism
Contemporary Perspectives on Ageism

by Liat Ayalon, Clemens Tesch-Römer

This book provides a comprehensive European perspective on the concept of ageism, its origins, the manifestation and consequences of ageism, as well as ways to respond to and research ageism. The book represents a collaborative effort of researchers from over 20 countries and a variety of disciplines, including, psychology, sociology, gerontology, ...

Building a Resilient and Sustainable Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa
Building a Resilient and Sustainable Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

by Abebe Shimeles, Audrey Verdier-Chouchane, Amadou Boly

What are the challenges and action points for agricultural sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa? This collection of papers offers technical analyses, policy recommendations and an overview of success stories to date. Each carefully selected paper provides valuable insights for improved policy making and defines relevant strategic priorities on Afri...

Sequence Analysis and Related Approaches
Sequence Analysis and Related Approaches

by Gilbert Ritschard, Matthias Studer

This open access book provides innovative methods and original applications of sequence analysis (SA) and related methods for analysing longitudinal data describing life trajectories such as professional careers, family paths, the succession of health statuses, or the time use. The applications as well as the methodological contributions propo...

Evolutionary Genomics
Evolutionary Genomics

by Maria Anisimova

This book addresses the challenge of analyzing and understanding the evolutionary dynamics of complex biological systems at the genomic level, and elaborates on some promising strategies that would bring us closer to uncovering of the vital relationships between genotype and phenotype. After a few educational primers, the book continues with sectio...

South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis

by Jean-Michel Lafleur, Mikolaj Stanek

This book looks at the migration of Southern European EU citizens (from Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece) who move to Northern European Member States (Belgium, France, Germany, United Kingdom) in response to the global economic crisis.Its objective is twofold. First, it identifies the scale and nature of this new Southern European emigration and exam...

Lone Parenthood in the Life Course
Lone Parenthood in the Life Course

by Laura Bernardi, Dimitri Mortelmans

Lone parenthood is an increasing reality in the 21st century, reinforced by the diffusion of divorce and separation. This volume provides a comprehensive portrait of lone parenthood at the beginning of the XXI century from a life course perspective. The contributions included in this volume examine the dynamics of lone parenthood in the life course...

Advances in Wheat Genetics: From Genome to Field
Advances in Wheat Genetics: From Genome to Field

by Yasunari Ogihara, Shigeo Takumi, Hirokazu Handa

This proceedings is a collection of 46 selected papers that were presented at the 12th International Wheat Genetics Symposium (IWGS). Since the launch of the wheat genome sequencing project in 2005, the arrival of draft genome sequences has marked a new era in wheat genetics and genomics, catalyzing rapid advancement in the field. This book provide...

The Indigenous Identity of the South Saami
The Indigenous Identity of the South Saami

by Håkon Hermanstrand, Asbjørn Kolberg, Trond Risto Nilssen, Leiv Sem

This book is a novel contribution in two ways: It is a multi-disciplinary examination of the indigenous South Saami people in Fennoscandia, a social and cultural group that often is overlooked as it is a minority within the Saami minority. Based on both historical material such as archaeological evidence, 20th century newspapers, and postcard motiv...

Habitats and Biota of the Gulf of Mexico: Before the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Habitats and Biota of the Gulf of Mexico: Before the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

by C. Herb Ward

The Gulf of Mexico is an open and dynamic marine ecosystem rich in natural resources but heavily impacted by human activities, including agricultural, industrial, commercial and coastal development. Nutrients and pollutants from coastal communities and dozens of rivers flow into the Gulf, including material from the Mississippi River watershed, whi...

Finding the Limits of the Limes
Finding the Limits of the Limes

by Philip Verhagen, Jamie Joyce, Mark Groenhuijzen

This book demonstrates the application of simulation modelling and network analysis techniques in the field of Roman studies. It summarizes and discusses the results of a 5-year research project carried out by the editors that aimed to apply spatial dynamical modelling to reconstruct and understand the socio-economic development of the Dutch part o...

Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
Ukrainian Migration to the European Union

by Olena Fedyuk, Marta Kindler

This book brings together research findings from a variety of disciplines in this integrated study of the migration of Ukrainian nationals to the EU. It contextualizes and historicizes this migration against the background of the series of crises experienced by Ukraine and the wider region over the last thirty or so years, from the dissolution of t...

Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe
Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe

by Drue H. Barrett, Leonard W. Ortmann, Angus Dawson, Carla Saenz, Andreas Reis, Gail Bolan

This book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively...

Housing Estates in the Baltic Countries
Housing Estates in the Baltic Countries

by Daniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru

This book focuses on the formation and later socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in the Baltic countries - Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. It also explores claims that a distinctly "westward-looking orientation" in their design produced housing estates that were superior in design to those produced elsewhere in the Soviet ...

A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions
A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions

by Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Stéphane Cullati, Amanda Sacker, David Blane

This book examines health trajectories and health transitions at different stages of the life course, including childhood, adulthood and later life. It provides findings that assess the role of biological and social transitions on health status over time.The essays examine a wide range of health issues, including the consequences of military servic...

Deltas in the Anthropocene
Deltas in the Anthropocene

by Robert J. Nicholls, W. Neil Adger, Craig W. Hutton, Susan E. Hanson

The Anthropocene is the human-dominated modern era that has accelerated social, environmental and climate change across the world in the last few decades. This book examines the challenges the Anthropocene presents to the sustainable management of deltas, both the many threats as well as the opportunities. In the world's deltas the Anthropocene is ...

Railway Ecology
Railway Ecology

by Luís Borda-de-Água, Rafael Barrientos, Pedro Beja, Henrique Miguel Pereira

This book provides a unique overview of the impacts of railways on biodiversity, integrating the existing knowledge on the ecological effects of railways on wildlife, identifying major knowledge gaps and research directions and presenting the emerging field of railway ecology. The book is divided into two major parts: Part one offers a general revi...

Retirement Home? Ageing Migrant Workers in France and the Question of Return
Retirement Home? Ageing Migrant Workers in France and the Question of Return

by Alistair Hunter

This book offers new insights into the ageing-migration nexus and the nature of home. Documenting the hidden world of France's migrant worker hostels, it explores why older North and West African men continue to live past retirement age in this sub-standard housing. Conventional wisdom holds that at retirement labour migrants ought to instead retur...

Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos
Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos

by Amelie G. Ramirez, Edward J. Trapido

This book gives an overview of the sessions, panel discussions, and outcomes of the Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos conference, held in February 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA, and hosted by the Mays Cancer Center and the Institute for Health Promotion Research at UT Health San Antonio.Latinos – the largest, youngest, and fastest-grow...

Divorce in Europe
Divorce in Europe

by Dimitri Mortelmans

This free book collects the major discussions in divorce research in Europe. It starts with an understanding of divorce trends. Why was divorce increasing so rapidly throughout the US and Europe and do we see signs of a turn? Do cohabitation breakups influence divorce trends or is there a renewed stability on the partner market?In terms of divorce...

Urban Planning Against Poverty
Urban Planning Against Poverty

by Jean-Claude Bolay

This free book revisits the theoretical foundations of urban planning and the application of these concepts and methods in the context of Southern countries by examining several case studies from different regions of the world. For instance, the case of Koudougou, a medium-sized city in one of the poorest countries in the world, Burkina Faso, with ...

Protocols for Pre-Field Screening of Mutants for Salt Tolerance in Rice, Wheat and Barley
Protocols for Pre-Field Screening of Mutants for Salt Tolerance in Rice, Wheat and Barley

by Souleymane Bado, Brian P. Forster, Abdelbagi M.A. Ghanim, Joanna Jankowicz-Cieslak, Günter Berthold, Liu Luxiang

This book offers effective, low-cost and user-friendly protocols for the pre-field selection of salt-tolerant mutants in cereal crops. It presents simple methods for measuring soil salinity, including soil sampling and the analysis of water-soluble salts, and describes a detailed, but simple, screening test for salt tolerance in rice, wheat and bar...

Data Collection in Fragile States
Data Collection in Fragile States

by Johannes Hoogeveen, Utz Pape

'This free book addresses an urgent issue on which little organized information exists. It reflects experience in Africa but is highly relevant to other fragile states as well.'—Constantine Michalopoulos, John Hopkins University, USA and former Director of Economic Policy and Co-ordination at the World BankFragile countries face a triple data cha...

Internal Migration, Urbanization and Poverty in Asia: Dynamics and Interrelationships
Internal Migration, Urbanization and Poverty in Asia: Dynamics and Interrelationships

by Kankesu Jayanthakumaran, Reetu Verma, Guanghua Wan, Edgar Wilson

Asia's recent demographic transitions and rural - urban structural transformations are extraordinary and involve complexities that require in-depth study.The chapters within this volume examine those complexities using a range of traditional and nontraditional measures - such as multidimensional poverty, gaps, and polarization - to arrive at the co...

Poverty Reduction Policies and Practices in Developing Asia
Poverty Reduction Policies and Practices in Developing Asia

by Almas Heshmati, Esfandiar Maasoumi, Guanghua Wan

This book looks at the major policy challenges facing developing Asia and how the region sustains rapid economic growth to reduce multidimensional poverty through socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable measures. Asia is facing many challenges arising from population growth, rapid urbanization, provision of services, climate change and t...

Working, Housing: Urbanizing
Working, Housing: Urbanizing

by Jennifer Robinson, Allen J. Scott, Peter J. Taylor

This book presents an incisive outline of the historical development and geography of cities. It focuses on three themes that constitute essential foundations for any understanding of urban form and function. These are: (a) the shifting patterns of urbanization through historical time, (b) the role of cities as centers of production and work in a ...

Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences
Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences

by Michaela Kreyenfeld, Dirk Konietzka

​This open access book provides an overview of childlessness throughout Europe. It offers a collection of papers written by leading demographers and sociologists that examine contexts, causes, and consequences of childlessness in countries throughout the region.The book features data from all over Europe. It specifically highlights patterns of ch...

Well-being, Sustainability and Social Development
Well-being, Sustainability and Social Development

by Harry Lintsen, Frank Veraart, Jan-Pieter Smits, John Grin

This book examines more than two centuries of societal development using novel historical and statistical approaches. It applies the well-being monitor developed by Statistics Netherlands that has been endorsed by a significant part of the international, statistical community. It features The Netherlands as a case study, which is an especially inte...

Multilevel Modelling for Public Health and Health Services Research
Multilevel Modelling for Public Health and Health Services Research

by Alastair H. Leyland, Peter P. Groenewegen

This book is a practical introduction to multilevel modelling or multilevel analysis (MLA) – a statistical technique being increasingly used in public health and health services research. The authors begin with a compelling argument for the importance of researchers in these fields having an understanding of MLA to be able to judge not only the g...

A Demographic Perspective on Gender, Family and Health in Europe
A Demographic Perspective on Gender, Family and Health in Europe

by Gabriele Doblhammer, Jordi Gumà

This free book examines the triangle between family, gender, and health in Europe from a demographic perspective. It helps to understand patterns and trends in each of the three components separately, as well as their interdependencies. It overcomes the widely observable specialization in demographic research, which usually involves researchers stu...

The Social Metabolism of Spanish Agriculture, 1900–2008
The Social Metabolism of Spanish Agriculture, 1900–2008

by Manuel González de Molina, David Soto Fernández, Gloria Guzmán Casado, Juan Infante-Amate, Eduardo Aguilera Fernández, Jaime Vila Traver, Roberto García Ruiz

This book provides a panoramic view of the evolution of Spanish agriculture from 1900 to the present, offering a more diverse picture to the complex and multidimensional reality of agrarian production. With a clear transdisciplinary ambition, the book applies an original and innovative theoretical and methodological tool, termed Agrarian Social Met...

God's Babies
God's Babies

by John McKeown

The human population's annual total consumption is not sustainable by one planet. This unprecedented situation calls for a reform of religious cultures that promote a large ideal family size. Many observers assume that Christianity is inevitably part of this problem because it promotes "family values" and statistically, in America and els...

Frontier Encounters
Frontier Encounters

by Franck Billé, Grégory Delaplace, Caroline Humphrey

China and Russia are rising economic and political powers that share thousands of miles of border. Yet, despite their proximity, their practical, local interactions with each other - and with their third neighbour Mongolia - are rarely discussed. The three countries share a boundary, but their traditions, languages and worldviews are remarkably dif...

Gene Drives at Tipping Points
Gene Drives at Tipping Points

by Arnim von Gleich, Winfried Schröder

This open access book reports on a pilot project aiming at collecting information on the socio-ecological risks that could arise in the event of an uncontrolled spread of genetically engineered organisms into the environment. The researchers will, for instance, be taking a closer look at genetically engineered oilseed rape, genetically engineered o...

Probability and Statistics for Computer Science
Probability and Statistics for Computer Science

by David Forsyth

This book is aimed at computer science undergraduates late in sophomore or early in junior year, supplying a comprehensive background in qualitative and quantitative data analysis, probability, random variables, and statistical methods, including machine learning.With careful treatment of topics that fill the curricular needs for the course, Probab...

Disability and Vocational Rehabilitation in Rural Settings
Disability and Vocational Rehabilitation in Rural Settings

by Debra A. Harley, Noel A. Ysasi, Malachy L. Bishop, Allison R. Fleming

This first-of-its-kind textbook surveys rehabilitation and vocational programs aiding persons with disabilities in remote and developing areas in the U.S. and abroad. Contributors discuss longstanding challenges to these communities, most notably economic and environmental obstacles and ongoing barriers to service delivery, as well as their resilie...

The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks
The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks

by Michele Walters, Robert J. Scholes

Biodiversity observation systems are almost everywhere inadequate to meet local, national and international (treaty) obligations. As a result of alarmingly rapid declines in biodiversity in the modern era, there is a strong, worldwide desire to upgrade our monitoring systems, but little clarity on what is actually needed and how it can be assembled...

Higher Education in the Era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution
Higher Education in the Era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

by Nancy W. Gleason

This collection examines how higher education responds to the demands of the automation economy and the fourth industrial revolution. Considering significant trends in how people are learning, coupled with the ways in which different higher education institutions and education stakeholders are implementing adaptations, it looks at new programs ...

Understanding Society and Natural Resources
Understanding Society and Natural Resources

by Michael J. Manfredo, Jerry J. Vaske, Andreas Rechkemmer, Esther A. Duke

In this edited open access book leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environment...

Rewilding European Landscapes
Rewilding European Landscapes

by Henrique M. Pereira, Laetitia M. Navarro

Some European lands have been progressively alleviated of human pressures, particularly traditional agriculture in remote areas. This book proposes that this land abandonment can be seen as an opportunity to restore natural ecosystems via rewilding. We define rewilding as the passive management of ecological successions having in mind the long-term...

Transgovernance
Transgovernance

by Louis Meuleman

'Transgovernance: Advancing Sustainability Governance' analyses what implications recent and ongoing changes in the relations between politics, science and media – together characterized as the emergence of a knowledge democracy – may have for governance for sustainable development, on global and other levels of societal decision making, and v...

Updates on Myopia
Updates on Myopia

by Marcus Ang, Tien Y. Wong

This book discusses basic clinical concepts of myopia, prevention of progression and surgical treatments for myopia and pathological myopia. It also summarises the latest evidence and best practices for managing myopia, high myopia and its complications. Written by leading experts, the book addresses clinical diagnosis and interpretation of imaging...

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases
Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases

by G.J. Viljoen, A.G. Luckins, I. Naletoski

This manuscript discusses the potentials of the approaches as mentioned below to monitor the AIVs in WMW. Molecular diagnostic platforms enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding, enabling non-invasive research on the epidemiology of...

River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa — A Policy Crossroads
River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa — A Policy Crossroads

by Claudia J. Carr

This book offers a devastating look at deeply flawed development processes driven by international finance, African governments and the global consulting industry. It examines major river basin development underway in the semi-arid borderlands of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan and its disastrous human rights consequences for a half-million indigen...

Re-Inventing Africa's Development
Re-Inventing Africa's Development

by Jong-Dae Park

This book analyses the development problems of sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) from the eyes of a Korean diplomat with knowledge of the economic growth Korea has experienced in recent decades. The author argues that Africa's development challenges are not due to a lack of resources but a lack of management, presenting an alternative to the traditional view...

Making Medicines in Africa
Making Medicines in Africa

by Maureen Mackintosh, Geoffrey Banda, Paula Tibandebage, Watu Wamae

The importance of the pharmaceutical industry in Sub-Saharan Africa, its claim to policy priority, is rooted in the vast unmet health needs of the sub-continent. Making Medicines in Africa is a collective endeavour, by a group of contributors with a strong African and more broadly Southern presence, to find ways to link technological development, i...

Atlas of Challenges and Opportunities in European Neighbourhoods
Atlas of Challenges and Opportunities in European Neighbourhoods

by Pierre Beckouche, Pierre Besnard, Hugues Pecout

This atlas provides a macro-regional overview of the areas that surround the European Union, from the Sahara to the Middle East, Western Balkans to European Russia, Turkey to the Arctic. Detailing key socio-economic data as well as developmental trends, the maps provide a comprehensive territorial analysis at a local scale and explore the potential...

Asian Century… on a Knife-edge
Asian Century… on a Knife-edge

by John West

This book delves into the widely held belief that the 21st century will be the "Asian Century" by examining the Asia's rapid economic development in the post-war era and the challenges it faces in forging ahead of world leaders in the West.The impact of the current turbulent global political climate on Asia is critically analyzed, employi...

Energy Poverty
Energy Poverty

by Stefan Bouzarovski

This book aims to consolidate and advance debates on European and global energy poverty by exploring the political and infrastructural drivers and implications of the condition across a variety of spatial scales. It highlights the need for a geographical conceptualization of the different ways in which household-level energy deprivation both influe...

Preparing for Life in a Digital Age
Preparing for Life in a Digital Age

by Julian Fraillon, John Ainley, Wolfram Schulz, Tim Friedman, Eveline Gebhardt

Ability to use information and communication technologies (ICT) is an imperative for effective participation in today's digital age. Schools worldwide are responding to the need to provide young people with that ability. But how effective are they in this regard? The IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS) responded to thi...

Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement – A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development
Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement – A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development

by Ephraim Nkonya, Alisher Mirzabaev, Joachim von Braun

This volume deals with land degradation, which is occurring in almost all terrestrial biomes and agro-ecologies, in both low and high income countries and is stretching to about 30% of the total global land area. About three billion people reside in these degraded lands. However, the impact of land degradation is especially severe on livelihoods of...

Equitable Research Partnerships
Equitable Research Partnerships

by Doris Schroeder, Kate Chatfield, Michelle Singh, Roger Chennells, Peter Herissone-Kelly

This book offers insights into the development of the ground-breaking Global Code of Conduct for Research in Resource-Poor Settings (GCC) and the San Code of Research Ethics. Using a new, intuitive moral framework predicated on fairness, respect, care and honesty, both codes target ethics dumping - the export of unethical research practices from a ...

Fragility Fracture Nursing
Fragility Fracture Nursing

by Karen Hertz, Julie Santy-Tomlinson

This book aims to provide a comprehensive but practical overview of the knowledge required for the assessment and management of the older adult with or at risk of fragility fracture. It considers this from the perspectives of all of the settings in which this group of patients receive nursing care. Globally, a fragility fracture is estimated to occ...

Marginality
Marginality

by Joachim von Braun, Franz W. Gatzweiler

This volume presents new insights on marginality, i.e. the situation of people living on the edge of socio-economic and ecological systems. The marginality concept leads to different development policies. While the prevalence of poverty declined by about 50 percent in the past two decades, any further reduction of poverty will be more difficult, be...

Sustainable Living with Environmental Risks
Sustainable Living with Environmental Risks

by Nobuhiro Kaneko, Shinji Yoshiura, Masanori Kobayashi

We are not free from environmental risks that accompany the development of human societies. Modern economic development has accelerated environmental pollution, caused loss of natural habitats, and modified landscapes. These environmental changes have impacted natural systems: water and heat circulation, nutrient cycling, and biodiversity. These ch...

Environmental Governance in Latin America
Environmental Governance in Latin America

by Fábio de Castro, Barbara Hogenboom, Michiel Baud

The multiple purposes of nature - livelihood for communities, revenues for states, commodities for companies, and biodiversity for conservationists - have turned environmental governance in Latin America into a highly contested arena. In such a resource-rich region, unequal power relations, conflicting priorities, and trade-offs among multiple goal...

Aquaponics Food Production Systems
Aquaponics Food Production Systems

by Simon Goddek, Alyssa Joyce, Benz Kotzen, Gavin M. Burnell

This book, written by world experts in aquaponics and related technologies, provides the authoritative and comprehensive overview of the key aquaculture and hydroponic and other integrated systems, socio-economic and environmental aspects. Aquaponic systems, which combine aquaculture and vegetable food production offer alternative technology soluti...

Cohabitation and Marriage in the Americas: Geo-historical Legacies and New Trends
Cohabitation and Marriage in the Americas: Geo-historical Legacies and New Trends

by Albert Esteve , Ron J. Lesthaeghe

This book presents an innovative study of the rise of unmarried cohabitation in the Americas, from Canada to Argentina. Using an extensive sample of individual census data for nearly all countries on the continent, it offers a cross-national, comparative view of this recent demographic trend and its impact on the family. The book offers a tour of t...

Linear Selection Indices in Modern Plant Breeding
Linear Selection Indices in Modern Plant Breeding

by J. Jesus Céron-Rojas, José Crossa

This book focuses on the linear selection index (LSI) theory and its statistical properties. It addresses the single-stage LSI theory by assuming that economic weights are fixed and known - or fixed, but unknown - to predict the net genetic merit in the phenotypic, marker and genomic context. Further, it shows how to combine the LSI theory with the...

The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment
The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment

by Philippus Wester, Arabinda Mishra, Aditi Mukherji, Arun Bhakta Shrestha

This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. It comprises important scientific research on the social, economic, and environmental pillars of sustainable mountain development and will serve as a basis for evidence-based decision-making to safeguard the environment and advance people's well-b...

Contested Childhoods: Growing up in Migrancy
Contested Childhoods: Growing up in Migrancy

by Marie Louise Seeberg, Elżbieta Goździak

This book explores specific migration, governance, and identity processes currently involving children and ideas of childhood. Migrancy as a social space allows majority populations to question the capabilities of migrants, and is a space in which an increasing number of children are growing up. In this space, families, nation-states, civil society...

How Generations Remember
How Generations Remember

by Monika Palmberger

This book provides a profound insight into post-war Mostar, and the memories of three generations of this Bosnian-Herzegovinian city. Drawing on several years of ethnographic fieldwork, it offers a vivid account of how personal and collective memories are utterly intertwined, and how memories across the generations are reimagined and 'rewritten' fo...

European Somalis' Post-Migration Movements
European Somalis' Post-Migration Movements

by Joëlle Moret

Based on a qualitative study on migrants of Somali origin who have settled in Europe for at least a decade, this book offers a ground-breaking exploration of the idea of mobility, both empirically and theoretically. It draws a comprehensive typology of the varied "post-migration mobility practices" developed by these migrants from their c...

Pathways and Consequences of Legal Irregularity
Pathways and Consequences of Legal Irregularity

by Erik Vickstrom

This book provides a unique study of the complexities and consequences of irregular legal status of Senegalese migrants in Europe. It employs sophisticated quantitative methods to analyze unique life-history data to produce policy-relevant conclusions. Using the MAFE dataset as empirical evidence, the book focuses on the legal paths of Senegalese ...

Observing the Volcano World
Observing the Volcano World

by Carina Fearnley, Deanne Bird, Katharine Haynes, William McGuire, Gill Jolly

This book provides a comprehensive overview of volcanic crisis research, the goal being to establish ways of successfully applying volcanology in practice and to identify areas that need to be addressed for future progress. It shows how volcano crises are managed in practice, and helps to establish best practices. Consequently the book brings toge...

Socio-Environmental Dynamics along the Historical Silk Road
Socio-Environmental Dynamics along the Historical Silk Road

by Liang Emlyn Yang, Hans-Rudolf Bork, Xiuqi Fang, Steffen Mischke

This book discusses socio-environmental interactions in the middle to late Holocene, covering specific areas along the ancient Silk Road regions. Over twenty chapters provide insight into this topic from various disciplinary angles and perspectives, ranging from archaeology, paleoclimatology, antiquity, historical geography, agriculture, carving ar...

The Interconnected Arctic - UArctic Congress 2016
The Interconnected Arctic - UArctic Congress 2016

by Kirsi Latola, Hannele Savela

This book presents the most current research results and knowledge from five multidisciplinary themes: Vulnerability of Arctic Environments, Vulnerability of Arctic Societies, Local and Traditional Knowledge, Building Long-term Human Capacity, New Markets for the Arctic, including tourism and safety. The themes are those discussed at the first ever...

Limits to the European Union's Normative Power in a Post-conflict Society
Limits to the European Union's Normative Power in a Post-conflict Society

by Rok Zupančič, Nina Pejič

By shedding light on EULEX - the EU mission to Kosovo – this book investigates the EU's peacebuilding activities in that country, in the light of the normative power theory in the post-conflict setting and peacebuilding theory. Ten years after the massive engagement of the EU in the country torn by war, the authors critically assess the effects o...

Developmental State Building
Developmental State Building

by Yusuke Takagi, Veerayooth Kanchoochat, Tetsushi Sonobe

This book modifies and revitalizes the concept of the 'developmental state' to understand the politics of emerging economy through nuanced analysis on the roles of human agency in the context of structural transformation. In other words, there is a revived interest in the 'developmental state' concept. The nature of the 'emerging state' is characte...

Handbook of Life Course Health Development
Handbook of Life Course Health Development

by Neal Halfon, Christopher B. Forrest, Richard M. Lerner, Elaine M. Faustman

This handbook synthesizes and analyzes the growing knowledge base on life course health development (LCHD) from the prenatal period through emerging adulthood, with implications for clinical practice and public health. It presents LCHD as an innovative field with a sound theoretical framework for understanding wellness and disease from a lifespan p...

Ethics Dumping
Ethics Dumping

by Doris Schroeder, Julie Cook, François Hirsch, Solveig Fenet, Vasantha Muthuswamy

This book provides original, up-to-date case studies of "ethics dumping" that were largely facilitated by loopholes in the ethics governance of low and middle-income countries. It is instructive even to experienced researchers since it provides a voice to vulnerable populations from the forementioned countries. Ensuring the ethical conduc...

Understanding Statistics and Experimental Design
Understanding Statistics and Experimental Design

by Michael Herzog, Gregory Francis, Aaron Clarke

This open access textbook provides the background needed to correctly use, interpret and understand statistics and statistical data in diverse settings. Part I makes key concepts in statistics readily clear. Parts I and II give an overview of the most common tests (t-test, ANOVA, correlations) and work out their statistical principles. Part III pr...

Emerging States and Economies
Emerging States and Economies

by Takashi Shiraishi, Tetsushi Sonobe

This book asks why and how some of the developing countries have "emerged" under a set of similar global conditions, what led individual countries to choose the particular paths that led to their "emergence," and what challenges confront them. If we are to understand the nature of major risks and uncertainties in the world, we m...

The Social Life of Economic Inequalities in Contemporary Latin America
The Social Life of Economic Inequalities in Contemporary Latin America

by Margit Ystanes, Iselin Åsedotter Strønen

This edited volume examines how economic processes have worked upon social lives and social realities in Latin America during the past decades. Through tracing the effects of the neoliberal epoch into the era of the so-called pink tide, the book seeks to understand to what extent the turn to the left at the start of the millennium managed to challe...

Biotechnologies for Plant Mutation Breeding
Biotechnologies for Plant Mutation Breeding

by Joanna Jankowicz-Cieslak, Thomas H. Tai, Jochen Kumlehn, Bradley J. Till

This book offers 19 detailed protocols on the use of induced mutations in crop breeding and functional genomics studies, which cover topics including chemical and physical mutagenesis, phenotypic screening methods, traditional TILLING and TILLING by sequencing, doubled haploidy, targeted genome editing, and low-cost methods for the molecular charac...

Visualizing Mortality Dynamics in the Lexis Diagram
Visualizing Mortality Dynamics in the Lexis Diagram

by Roland Rau, Christina Bohk-Ewald, Magdalena Muszyńska, James Vaupel

This book visualizes mortality dynamics in the Lexis diagram. While the standard approach of plotting death rates is also covered, the focus in this book is on the depiction of rates of mortality improvement over age and time. This rather novel approach offers a more intuitive understanding of the underlying dynamics, enabling readers to better und...

Global Health Collaboration
Global Health Collaboration

by Margaret Winchester, Caprice Knapp, Rhonda BeLue

This stimulating open access volume details the innovative work of the Pan Institution Network for Global Health in creating collaborative research-based answers to large-scale health issues. Equitable partnerships among member universities representing North America, Africa, Asia, and Europe reverse standard cross-national dynamics to develop loca...

Paths to the Emerging State in Asia and Africa
Paths to the Emerging State in Asia and Africa

by Keijiro Otsuka, Kaoru Sugihara

This book addresses the issue of how a country, which was incorporated into the world economy as a periphery, could make a transition to the emerging state, capable of undertaking the task of economic development and industrialization. It offers historical and contemporary case studies of transition, as well as the international background under wh...

Has Latin American Inequality Changed Direction?
Has Latin American Inequality Changed Direction?

by Luis Bértola, Jeffrey Williamson

This book brings together a range of ideas and theories to arrive at a deeper understanding of inequality in Latin America and its complex realities. To so, it addresses questions such as: What are the origins of inequality in Latin America? How can we create societies that are more equal in terms of income distribution, gender equality and opportu...

Renewing Local Planning to Face Climate Change in the Tropics
Renewing Local Planning to Face Climate Change in the Tropics

by Maurizio Tiepolo, Alessandro Pezzoli, Vieri Tarchiani

This book aims to inspire decision makers and practitioners to change their approach to climate planning in the tropics through the application of modern technologies for characterizing local climate and tracking vulnerability and risk, and using decision-making tools. Drawing on 16 case studies conducted mainly in the Caribbean, Central America, W...

Applying the Kaizen in Africa
Applying the Kaizen in Africa

by Keijiro Otsuka, Kimiaki Jin, Tetsushi Sonobe

At present, how to develop industries is a burning issue in Africa, where population growth remains high and economic development has thus far failed to provide sufficient jobs for many, especially young people and women. The creation of productive jobs through industrial development ought to be a central issue in steering economic activity across ...

Designing Urban Food Policies
Designing Urban Food Policies

by Caroline Brand, Nicolas Bricas, Damien Conaré, Benoit Daviron, Julie Debru, Laura Michel, Christophe-Toussaint Soulard

This book is for scientists and experts who work on urban food policies. It provides a conceptual framework for understanding the urban food system sustainability and how it can be tackled by local governments. Written by a collective of researchers, this book describes the existing conceptual frameworks for an analysis of urban food policies, at ...

Energy in Africa
Energy in Africa

by Manfred Hafner, Simone Tagliapietra, Lucia de Strasser

This book presents a picture of the current energy challenges on the African continent (and the Sub-Saharan region in particular) and proposes pathways to an accelerated energy transition. Starting with an analysis of the status quo and the outlook for Africa's energy demand and energy access, it provides an account of the available resources, incl...

The Emigrant Communities of Latvia
The Emigrant Communities of Latvia

by Rita Kaša, Inta Mieriņa

This open access volume examines experiences of contemporary Latvian migrants, thereby focusing on reasons for emigration, processes of integration in their host countries, and – in the case of return migration - re-integration in their home country. In the context of European migration, the book describes the case of Latvia, which is interesting...

Saving for Development
Saving for Development

by Inter-American Development Bank

Why should people - and economies - save? This book on the savings problem in Latin America and the Caribbean suggests that, while saving to survive the bad times is important, saving to thrive in the good times is what really counts. People must save to invest in health and education, live productive and fulfilling lives, and make the most of thei...

AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City
AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City

by Jean-Paul Close

This volume describes phase 3 of the AiREAS multidisciplinary cocreation effort to produce a Healthy City. Phase 1 referred to making visible the invisible from an air quality and human exposure perspective. Phase 2 studies air quality related to health and Phase 3 looks at air quality, health and lifestyle from the perspective of persuasion to inn...

Development in Turbulent Times
Development in Turbulent Times

by Paul Dobrescu

This book explores the most recent trends in the EU in terms of development, progress, and performance. Ten years after the 2008 economic crisis, and amidst a digital revolution that is intensifying the development race, the European Union, and especially Central and Eastern Europe, are ardently searching for their development priorities.Against th...

Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas
Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas

by Nadja Kabisch, Horst Korn, Jutta Stadler, Aletta Bonn

This book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society.The expert contributions present recommendat...

Iberian World Empires and the Globalization of Europe 1415–1668
Iberian World Empires and the Globalization of Europe 1415–1668

by Bartolomé Yun-Casalilla

This book analyses Iberian expansion by using knowledge accumulated in recent years to test some of the most important theories regarding Europe's economic development. Adopting a comparative perspective, it considers the impact of early globalization on Iberian and Western European institutions, social development and political economies. In spite...

Global History and New Polycentric Approaches
Global History and New Polycentric Approaches

by Manuel Perez Garcia, Lucio De Sousa

Rethinking the ways global history is envisioned and conceptualized in diverse countries such as China, Japan, Mexico or Spain, this collections considers how global issues are connected with our local and national communities. It examines how the discipline had evolved in various historiographies, from Anglo Saxon to southern European, and its eme...

High Mountain Conservation in a Changing World
High Mountain Conservation in a Changing World

by Jordi Catalan, Josep Ninot, M. Mercè Aniz

This book aims to provide case studies and a general view of the main processes involved in the ecosystem shifts occurring in the high mountains, and to analyse the implications for nature conservation. Although case studies from the Pyrenees are preponderant, conclusions are aimed at any mountain range surrounded by highly populated lowland areas....

Young People's Perceptions of Europe in a Time of Change
Young People's Perceptions of Europe in a Time of Change

by Bruno Losito, Gabriella Agrusti, Valeria Damiani, Wolfram Schulz

The IEA's International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) investigates the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens in a range of countries in the second decade of the 21st century. ICCS 2016 is the second cycle of a study initiated in 2009.This report from ICCS focuses on data collected in the 15 coun...

Modelling our Changing World
Modelling our Changing World

by Jennifer L. Castle, David F. Hendry

This book focuses on the concepts, tools and techniques needed to successfully model ever-changing time-series data. It emphasizes the need for general models to account for the complexities of the modern world and how these can be applied to a range of issues facing Earth, from modelling volcanic eruptions, carbon dioxide emissions and global temp...

The Bluefin Tuna Fishery in the Bay of Biscay
The Bluefin Tuna Fishery in the Bay of Biscay

by José Luis Cort , Pablo Abaunza

This book is an original contribution to the knowledge on fishing and research associated with one of the most enigmatic fish of our seas: bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (L.). Based on available evidence, it reconstructs the possible methods used to catch large spawners in the Strait of Gibraltar thousands of years ago and describes the much more re...

Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
Integration Processes and Policies in Europe

by Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas, Rinus Penninx

In this book, experts on integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism, and the migration and development framework provide an academic assessment of the 2011 European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, which calls for integration policies in the EU to involve not only immigrants and their society of settlement, ...

New Vision 2050
New Vision 2050

by Hiroshi Komiyama, Koichi Yamada

This book presents the "New Vision 2050," which adds the concept of the "platinum society" to the "Vision 2050".The 20th century was a century in which energy led the development of material civilization, resulting in deletion of resources, global warming and climate change. What form should sustainable material and en...

Between Mobility and Migration
Between Mobility and Migration

by Peter Scholten, Mark van Ostaijen

This book offers a critical perspective on intra-European mobility and migration by using new empirical data and theoretical discussions. It develops a theoretical and empirical analysis of the consequences of intra-European movement for sending and receiving urban regions in The Netherlands, Sweden, Austria, Turkey, Poland and Czech Republic. The ...

Air Quality Integrated Assessment
Air Quality Integrated Assessment

by Giorgio Guariso, Marialuisa Volta

This book reports on the results of an extended survey conducted across Europe within the framework of the APPRAISAL FP7 project to determine the extent to which an integrated assessment approach to air quality is being adopted, on the one hand, by regional and local authorities to develop air quality plans and, on the other, by researchers. Follow...

Diversity and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns
Diversity and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns

by Toshio Sekimura, H. Frederik Nijhout

This book facilitates an integrative understanding of the development, genetics and evolution of butterfly wing patterns. To develop a deep and realistic understanding of the diversity and evolution of butterfly wing patterns, it is essential and necessary to approach the problem from various kinds of key research fields such as "evo-devo,&quo...

Creating Healthy and Sustainable Buildings
Creating Healthy and Sustainable Buildings

by Mateja Dovjak, Andreja Kukec

The open access book discusses human health and wellbeing within the context of built environments. It provides a comprehensive overview of relevant sources of literature and user complaints that clearly demonstrate the consequences of lack of attention to health in current building design and planning. Current designing of energy-efficient buildin...

Society - Water - Technology
Society - Water - Technology

by Reinhard Hüttl, Oliver Bens, Christine Bismuth, Sebastian Hoechstetter

This book presents the results of the Interdisciplinary Research Group "Society – Water – Technology" of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. It describes interdisciplinary evaluation criteria for major water engineering projects (MWEPs) and portrays an application to the Lower Jordan Valley (Middle East) and th...

Hot Property
Hot Property

by Rob Nijskens, Melanie Lohuis, Paul Hilbers, Willem Heeringa

This book discusses booming housing markets in cities around the globe, and the resulting challenges for policymakers and central banks. Cities are booming everywhere, leading to a growing demand for urban housing. In many cities this demand is out-pacing supply, which causes house prices to soar and increases the pressure on rental markets. These ...

A City in Blue and Green
A City in Blue and Green

by Peter G. Rowe, Limin Hee

This book highlights Singapore's development into a city in which water and greenery, along with associated environmental, technical, social and political aspects have been harnessed and cultivated into a liveable sustainable way of life. It is also a story about a unique and thoroughgoing approach to large-scale and potentially transferable water ...

The Challenge of Chance
The Challenge of Chance

by Klaas Landsman, Ellen van Wolde

This book presents a multidisciplinary perspective on chance, with contributions from distinguished researchers in the areas of biology, cognitive neuroscience, economics, genetics, general history, law, linguistics, logic, mathematical physics, statistics, theology and philosophy. The individual chapters are bound together by a general introductio...

Bird Species
Bird Species

by Dieter Thomas Tietze

The average person can name more bird species than they think, but do we really know what a bird "species" is? This book takes up several fascinating aspects of bird life to elucidate this basic concept in biology. From genetic and physiological basics to the phenomena of bird song and bird migration, it analyzes various interactions of b...

New Methods for Measuring and Analyzing Segregation
New Methods for Measuring and Analyzing Segregation

by Mark  Fossett

This book introduces new methods for measuring and analyzing residential segregation. It begins by placing all popular segregation indices in the "difference of group means" framework wherein index scores can be obtained as simple differences of group means on individual-level residential attainments scored from area racial composition. ...

Stem Cells in Neuroendocrinology
Stem Cells in Neuroendocrinology

by Donald Pfaff, Yves Christen

This volume starts with an elementary introduction covering stem cell methodologies used to produce specific types of neurons, possibilities for their therapeutic use, and warnings of technical problems. In addition the authors report successes in achieving the derivation of a specific type of neuron. The dopamine neuron offers an important example...

Understanding the Bigger Energy Picture
Understanding the Bigger Energy Picture

by Michael Düren

This book focuses on the global cycles of energy, water and carbon, which are not only the essentials of our main energy carriers, the fossil fuels, but are also the building blocks of life. The book offers an overview of the basic scientific facts and relationships that are needed to understand today's energy generation and use, how they relate to...

Ecosystem Services for Well-Being in Deltas
Ecosystem Services for Well-Being in Deltas

by Robert J. Nicholls, Craig W. Hutton, W. Neil Adger, Susan E. Hanson, Md. Munsur Rahman, Mashfiqus Salehin

This book answers key questions about environment, people and their shared future in deltas. It develops a systematic and holistic approach for policy-orientated analysis for the future of these regions. It does so by focusing on ecosystem services in the world's largest, most populous and most iconic delta region, that of the Ganges-Brahmaputra de...

Efficient Learning Machines
Efficient Learning Machines

by Mariette Awad, Rahul Khanna

Machine learning techniques provide cost-effective alternatives to traditional methods for extracting underlying relationships between information and data and for predicting future events by processing existing information to train models. Efficient Learning Machines explores the major topics of machine learning, including knowledge discovery, cla...

Impact of Information Society Research in the Global South
Impact of Information Society Research in the Global South

by Arul Chib, Julian May, Roxana Barrantes

The second volume in the SIRCA book series investigates the impact of information society initiatives by extending the boundaries of academic research into the realm of practice. Global in scope, it includes contributions and research projects from Asia, Africa and Latin America. The international scholarly community has taken a variety of approach...

Nils Petter Gleditsch: Pioneer in the Analysis of War and Peace
Nils Petter Gleditsch: Pioneer in the Analysis of War and Peace

by Nils Petter Gleditsch

This book presents Nils Petter Gleditsch, a staff member of the Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO) since 1964, a former editor of the Journal for Peace Research (1983-2010), a former president of the International Studies Association (2008-2009) and the recipient of several academic awards as a pioneer in the scientific analysis of war and pea...

Contemporary Turkey at a Glance
Contemporary Turkey at a Glance

by Kristina Kamp, Ayhan Kaya, E. Fuat Keyman, Ozge Onursal Besgul

Turkey has witnessed significant social, cultural, and political change over the last decades. This transformation has manifested itself in all segments of society and resulted in the alteration of political ideologies and institutions. The twelve authors of this volume shed light on the complexities of a changing Turkey through an interdisciplinar...

Evaluating Evidence of Mechanisms in Medicine
Evaluating Evidence of Mechanisms in Medicine

by Veli-Pekka Parkkinen, Christian Wallmann, Michael Wilde, Brendan Clarke, Phyllis Illari, Michael Kelly, Charles Norell, Federica Russo, Beth Shaw, Jon Williamson

This book is the first to develop explicit methods for evaluating evidence of mechanisms in the field of medicine. It explains why it can be important to make this evidence explicit, and describes how to take such evidence into account in the evidence appraisal process. In addition, it develops procedures for seeking evidence of mechanisms, for eva...

Housing Market Dynamics in Africa
Housing Market Dynamics in Africa

by El-hadj M. Bah, Issa Faye, Zekebweliwai F. Geh

This book utilizes new data to thoroughly analyze the main factors currently shaping the African housing market. Some of these factors include the supply and demand for housing finance, land tenure security issues, construction cost conundrum, infrastructure provision, and low-cost housing alternatives. Through detailed analysis, the authors invest...

Socioeconomic and Environmental Implications of Agricultural Residue Burning
Socioeconomic and Environmental Implications of Agricultural Residue Burning

by Parmod Kumar, Surender Kumar, Laxmi Joshi

This book discusses the important issue of the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of agricultural residue burning, common in agricultural practices in many parts of the world. In particular, it focuses on the pollution caused by rice residue burning using primary survey data from Punjab, India. It discusses emerging solutions to agricultural w...

Non-Equilibrium Social Science and Policy
Non-Equilibrium Social Science and Policy

by Jeffrey Johnson, Andrzej Nowak, Paul Ormerod, Bridget Rosewell, Yi-Cheng Zhang

The overall aim of this book, an outcome of the European FP7 FET Open NESS project, is to contribute to the ongoing effort to put the quantitative social sciences on a proper footing for the 21st century. A key focus is economics, and its implications on policy making, where the still dominant traditional approach increasingly struggles to capture ...

Think Complexity
Think Complexity

by Allen Downey

Complexity science uses computation to explore the physical and social sciences. In Think Complexity, you'll use graphs, cellular automata, and agent-based models to study topics in physics, biology, and economics. Whether you're an intermediate-level Python programmer or a student of computational modeling, you'll delve into examples of complex...

Think Stats
Think Stats

by Allen Downey

If you know how to program, you have the skills to turn data into knowledge, using tools of probability and statistics. This concise introduction shows you how to perform statistical analysis computationally, rather than mathematically, with programs written in Python. By working with a single case study throughout this thoroughly revised book, ...

The Potato Crop
The Potato Crop

by Hugo Campos, Oscar Ortiz

This book provides a fresh, updated and science-based perspective on the current status and prospects of the diverse array of topics related to the potato, and was written by distinguished scientists with hands-on global experience in research aspects related to potato. The potato is the third most important global food crop in terms of consumption...

Programming for Computations - Python
Programming for Computations - Python

by Svein Linge, Hans Petter Langtangen

This book presents computer programming as a key method for solving mathematical problems. This second edition of the well-received book has been extensively revised: All code is now written in Python version 3.6 (no longer version 2.7). In addition, the two first chapters of the previous edition have been extended and split up into five new chapte...

Framing in Sustainability Science
Framing in Sustainability Science

by Takashi Mino, Shogo Kudo

This book offers both conceptual and empirical descriptions of how to "frame" sustainability challenges. It defines "framing" in the context of sustainability science as the process of identifying subjects, setting boundaries, and defining problems. The chapters are grouped into two sections: a conceptual section and a case sect...

Capital Punishment and the Criminal Corpse in Scotland, 1740–1834
Capital Punishment and the Criminal Corpse in Scotland, 1740–1834

by Rachel E. Bennett

This free book provides the most in-depth study of capital punishment in Scotland between the mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth century to date. Based upon an extensive gathering and analysis of previously untapped resources, it takes the reader on a journey from the courtrooms of Scotland to the theatre of the gallows. It introduces them to seve...

Sustainable Development Goals and Human Rights
Sustainable Development Goals and Human Rights

by Markus Kaltenborn, Markus Krajewski, Heike Kuhn

This free book analyses the interplay of sustainable development and human rights from different perspectives including fight against poverty, health, gender equality, working conditions, climate change and the role of private actors. Each aspect is addressed from a more human rights-focused angle and a development-policy angle. This allows compari...

Same-Sex Families and Legal Recognition in Europe
Same-Sex Families and Legal Recognition in Europe

by Marie Digoix

This free book focuses on family diversity from a legal, demographical and sociological perspective. It investigates what is at stake in the life of homosexuals in the field of family formation, parenting and parenthood, what it brings to everyday life, the support of the law, and what its absence implies. The book shows the paths leading to the ad...

West African Youth Challenges and Opportunity Pathways
West African Youth Challenges and Opportunity Pathways

by Mora L. McLean

This open access edited collection explores obstacles that impede, and potential pathways toward improving, the material and psychological well-being of youth in and from West Africa. Contributors range from researchers to practitioners, offering a transatlantic, transcontinental set of perspectives on the mounting evidence that, whether they resid...

Biological Invasions in South Africa
Biological Invasions in South Africa

by Brian W. van Wilgen, John Measey, David M. Richardson, John R. Wilson, Tsungai A. Zengeya

This open access volume presents a comprehensive account of all aspects of biological invasions in South Africa, where research has been conducted over more than three decades, and where bold initiatives have been implemented in attempts to control invasions and to reduce their ecological, economic and social effects. It covers a broad range of the...

Migration, Gender and Social Justice
Migration, Gender and Social Justice

by Thanh-Dam Truong, Des Gasper, Jeff Handmaker, Sylvia I. Bergh

This book is the product of a collaborative effort involving partners from Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America who were funded by the International Development Research Centre Programme on Women and Migration (2006-2011). The International Institute of Social Studies at Erasmus University Rotterdam spearheaded a project intended to distill and r...

Innovative Models for Sustainable Development in Emerging African Countries
Innovative Models for Sustainable Development in Emerging African Countries

by Niccolò Aste, Stefano Della Torre, Cinzia Talamo, Rajendra Singh Adhikari, Corinna Rossi

This free book explores key issues and presents recent case studies in areas of importance for the transition to a circular model of development in emerging African countries that will minimize resource consumption and waste production. The topics covered include the development of sustainable housing models, energy and environmental issues in buil...

Louisiana's Response to Extreme Weather
Louisiana's Response to Extreme Weather

by Shirley Laska

This book takes an in-depth look at Louisiana as a state which is ahead of the curve in terms of extreme weather events, both in frequency and magnitude, and in its responses to these challenges including recovery and enhancement of resiliency.Louisiana faced a major tropical catastrophe in the 21st century, and experiences the fastest rising sea l...

Placing the Public in Public Health in Post-War Britain, 1948–2012
Placing the Public in Public Health in Post-War Britain, 1948–2012

by Alex Mold, Peder Clark, Gareth Millward, Daisy Payling

This book explores the question of who or what 'the public' is within 'public health' in post-war Britain. Drawing on historical research on the place of the public in public health in Britain from the establishment of the National Health Service in 1948, the book presents a new perspective on the relationship between state and citizen. Focusing on...

Low-Dose Radiation Effects on Animals and Ecosystems
Low-Dose Radiation Effects on Animals and Ecosystems

by Manabu Fukumoto

This free book summarizes the latest scientific findings regarding the biological effects of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident in 2011. Various cases of changes in animals and organisms have been reported since the FNPP accident. However, it is often unknown whether they are actually due to radiation, since the dose or dos...

Spationomy
Spationomy

by Vít Pászto, Carsten Jürgens, Polona Tominc, Jaroslav Burian

This open access book is based on "Spationomy – Spatial Exploration of Economic Data", an interdisciplinary and international project in the frame of ERASMUS+ funded by the European Union. The project aims to exchange interdisciplinary knowledge in the fields of economics and geomatics. For the newly introduced courses, interdisciplinar...

The Amazing Journey of Reason
The Amazing Journey of Reason

by Mario Alemi

This free book explores questions such as why and how did the first biological cells appear? And then complex organisms, brains, societies and –now– connected human societies? Physicists have good models for describing the evolution of the universe since the Big Bang, but can we apply the same concepts to the evolution of aggregated matter –l...

From War to Peace in the Balkans, the Middle East and Ukraine
From War to Peace in the Balkans, the Middle East and Ukraine

by Daniel Serwer

This book focuses on the origins, consequences and aftermath of the 1995 and 1999 Western military interventions that led to the end of the most recent Balkan wars. Though challenging problems remain in Bosnia, Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia, the conflict prevention and state-building efforts thereafter were partly successful as countries of the reg...

Open and Distance Education in Asia, Africa and the Middle East
Open and Distance Education in Asia, Africa and the Middle East

by Olaf Zawacki-Richter, Adnan Qayyum

This book describes the history, structure and institutions of open and distance education in six countries: China, India, Russia, Turkey, South Africa and South Korea. It describes how open and distance education is evolving in a digital age to reflect the needs and circumstances of the national higher education systems in these countries. It al...

Extended Working Life Policies
Extended Working Life Policies

by Áine Ní Léime, Jim Ogg, Martina Rašticová, Debra Street, Clary Krekula, Monika Bédiová, Ignacio Madero-Cabib

This volume addresses the current debate on extended working life policy by considering the influence of gender and health on the experiences of older workers. Bringing together an international team of scholars, it tackles issues as gender, health status and job/ occupational characteristics that structure the capacity and outcomes associated with...

From Assessing to Conserving Biodiversity
From Assessing to Conserving Biodiversity

by Elena Casetta, Jorge  Marques da Silva, Davide Vecchi

This book features essays written by philosophers, biologists, ecologists and conservation scientists facing the current biodiversity crisis. Despite increasing communication, accelerating policy and management responses, and notwithstanding improving ecosystem assessment and endangered species knowledge, conserving biodiversity continues to be mor...

Lewis Fry Richardson: His Intellectual Legacy and Influence in the Social Sciences
Lewis Fry Richardson: His Intellectual Legacy and Influence in the Social Sciences

by Nils Petter Gleditsch

This is an open access book. Lewis F Richardson (1981-1953), a physicist by training, was a pioneer in meteorology and peace research and remains a towering presence in both fields. This edited volume reviews his work and assesses its influence in the social sciences, notably his work on arms races and their consequences, mathematical models, the s...

Disability, Health and Human Development
Disability, Health and Human Development

by Sophie Mitra

This book introduces the human development model to define disability and map its links with health and wellbeing, based on Sen's capability approach. The author uses panel survey data with internationally comparable questions on disability for Ethiopia, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. It presents evidence on the prevalence of disability and its stron...

Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Modeling and Simulation, plus Econophysics Colloquium 2014
Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Modeling and Simulation, plus Econophysics Colloquium 2014

by Hideki Takayasu, Nobuyasu Ito, Itsuki Noda, Misako Takayasu

The proceedings of the international conference "SMSEC2014", a joint conference of the first "Social Modeling and Simulations" and the 10th "Econophysics Colloquium", held in Kobe in November 2014 with 174 participants, are gathered herein. Cutting edge scientific researches on various social phenomena are reviewed. Ne...

Eating, Drinking: Surviving
Eating, Drinking: Surviving

by Peter Jackson, Walter E.L. Spiess, Farhana Sultana

This publication addresses the global challenges of food and water security in a rapidly changing and complex world. The essays highlight the links between bio-physical and socio-cultural processes, making connections between local and global scales, and focusing on the everyday practices of eating and drinking, essential for human survival. Writte...

Communicating, Networking: Interacting
Communicating, Networking: Interacting

by Margaret E. Robertson

This book illustrates the benefits to be gained from digitally networked communication for health, education and transitioning economies in developing nations (Sierra Leone and Papua New Guinea) and developed nations. Growing powers of e-citizenship can help build sustainable futures. This small volume provides a collection of examples and ideas fr...

Fish, Fishing and Community in North Korea and Neighbours
Fish, Fishing and Community in North Korea and Neighbours

by Robert Winstanley-Chesters

This open access book explores the histories and geographies of fishing in North Korea and the surrounding nations. With the ideological and environmental history of North Korea in mind, the book examines the complex interactions between local communities, fish themselves, wider ecosystems and the politics of Pyongyang through the lens of critical ...

Towards a Systemic Theory of Irregular Migration
Towards a Systemic Theory of Irregular Migration

by Gabriel Echeverría

This open access book provides an alternative theoretical framework of irregular migration that allows to overcome many of the contradictions and theoretical impasses displayed by the majority of approaches in current literature. The analytical framework allows moving from an interpretation biased by methodological nationalism, to a more general sy...

Skills Development for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Asia-Pacific
Skills Development for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Asia-Pacific

by Rupert Maclean, Shanti Jagannathan, Jouko Sarvi

Focusing on the Asia-Pacific region, which in recent years has been the engine of global economic growth , this volume surveys trends and prospects in technical and vocational education and training (TVET) with particular reference to achieving inclusive growth and the greening of economies. Underlying the increasing pressure for new models of TV...

Physical Modeling in MATLAB
Physical Modeling in MATLAB

by Allen Downey

Modeling and simulation are powerful tools for explaining the world, making predictions, designing things that work, and making them work better. Learning to use these tools can be difficult; this book is my attempt to make the experience as enjoyable and productive as possible. By reading this book - and working on the exercises - you will lear...

Philip's Atlas of World History
Philip's Atlas of World History

by Patrick O'Brien

There could be no more opportune time than the start of the third millennium AD to produce an entirely new atlas of world history. Not only does this symbolic (if arbitrary) moment provoke a mood of public retrospection, but the pace of global change itself demands a greater awareness of "whole world" history. More than 20 years have p...

Warlike and Peaceful Societies
Warlike and Peaceful Societies

by Agner Fog

Are humans violent or peaceful by nature? We are both. In this ambitious and wide-ranging book, Agner Fog presents a ground-breaking new argument that explains the existence of differently organised societies using evolutionary theory. It combines natural sciences and social sciences in a way that is rarely seen. According to a concept called...

Measuring the Master Race
Measuring the Master Race

by Jon Røyne Kyllingstad

The notion of a superior 'Germanic' or 'Nordic' race was a central theme in Nazi ideology. But it was also a commonly accepted idea in the early twentieth century, an actual scientific concept originating from anthropological research on the physical characteristics of Europeans. The Scandinavian Peninsula was considered to be the historical cradle...

The Elements of Data Analytic Style
The Elements of Data Analytic Style

by Jeff Leek

The dramatic change in the price and accessibility of data demands a new focus on data analytic literacy. This book is intended for use by people who perform regular data analyses. It aims to give a brief summary of the key ideas, practices, and pitfalls of modern data analysis. One goal is to summarize in a succinct way the most common difficultie...

Research Methods in Psychology
Research Methods in Psychology

by Rajiv S. Jhangiani, I-Chant A. Chiang, Carrie Cuttler, Dana C. Leighton

A comprehensive open book for research methods classes. A peer-reviewed inter-institutional project....

Security in an Interconnected World
Security in an Interconnected World

by Ernst Hirsch Ballin, Huub Dijstelbloem, Peter de Goede

This open access book follows the idea that security policy must be based on strategic analysis. Defence policy and the role of the armed forces can subsequently be determined on the grounds of said analysis. More than ever, internal and external security, and developments both in the Netherlands and abroad are interconnected. The world order is sh...

Handbook of Evolutionary Research in Archaeology
Handbook of Evolutionary Research in Archaeology

by Anna Marie Prentiss

Evolutionary Research in Archaeology seeks to provide a comprehensive overview of contemporary evolutionary research in archaeology. The book will provide a single source for introduction and overview of basic and advanced evolutionary concepts and research programs in archaeology. Content will be organized around four areas of critical research in...

Philosophy of Race
Philosophy of Race

by Naomi Zack

Philosophy of Race: An Introduction provides plainly written access to a new subfield that has been in the background of philosophy since Plato and Aristotle. Part I provides an overview of ideas of race and ethnicity in the philosophical canon, egalitarian traditions, race in biology, and race in American and Continental Philosophy. Part II addres...

Excel Data Analysis
Excel Data Analysis

by Hector Guerrero

This book offers a comprehensive and readable introduction to modern business and data analytics. It is based on the use of Excel, a tool that virtually all students and professionals have access to. The explanations are focused on understanding the techniques and their proper application, and are supplemented by a wealth of in-chapter and end-of-c...

Policing and Minority Communities
Policing and Minority Communities

by James F. Albrecht, Garth den Heyer, Perry Stanislas

This insightful book examines the allegations against the professionalism, transparency, and integrity of law enforcement toward minority groups, from a global perspective. It addresses the challenges inherent in maintaining strong ties with members of the community, and draws attention to obstacles in ensuring public confidence and trust in rule o...

Energy and the Wealth of Nations
Energy and the Wealth of Nations

by Charles A.S. Hall, Kent Klitgaard

In this updated edition of a groundbreaking text, concepts such as energy return on investment (EROI) provide powerful insights into the real balance sheets that drive our "petroleum economy." Hall and Klitgaard explore the relation between energy and the wealth explosion of the 20th century, and the interaction of internal limits to grow...

Windows 10 IT Pro Essentials: Support Secrets
Windows 10 IT Pro Essentials: Support Secrets

by Ed Bott

That group includes full-time professional trainers, of course, but it also includes IT pros and those brave souls who staff the help desk in corporations. Most of all, it includes the incredibly large population of people who have earned a reputation for being "the person who knows Windows." With that knowledge comes a seemingly endle...

Engineering Reliable Mobile Applications
Engineering Reliable Mobile Applications

by Kristine Chen, Venkat Patnala, Devin Carraway, Pranjal Deo

Imagine a situation where your services report healthy and serving but you receive multiple user reports of poor availability. How are these users accessing your service? Most likely, they are using your service through a client application, such as a mobile application on their phone. SRE traditionally has only supported systems and services run i...

Introductory Business Statistics
Introductory Business Statistics

by Alexander Holmes, Barbara Illowsky, Susan Dean

Introductory Business Statistics is designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of the one-semester statistics course for business, economics, and related majors. Core statistical concepts and skills have been augmented with practical business examples, scenarios, and exercises. The result is a meaningful understanding of the discipline, w...

Introductory Statistics
Introductory Statistics

by Barbara Illowsky, Susan Dean

Introductory Statistics follows scope and sequence requirements of a one-semester introduction to statistics course and is geared toward students majoring in fields other than math or engineering. The text assumes some knowledge of intermediate algebra and focuses on statistics application over theory. Introductory Statistics includes innovative pr...